Glossary

  • blind arch : A blind arch is an arch found in the wall of a building which has been infilled with solid construction so it cannot serve as a passageway, door, or window. The term is most often associated with masonry wall construction, but is also found (or simulated) in other types of construction such as light frame construction.
    Some blind arches were originally built as open arches and infilled at a later date. Others were originally built with solid infill as intentional stylistic elements.
  • baies : ouverture dans une maçonnerie.
  • fluted : In architecture, a long, usually rounded groove incised as a decorative motif on the shaft of a column, for example.
  • cartouche : An ornamental shield or tablet, often containing an heraldic device (coat of arms). Cartouches are often decorated  with fanciful scrolled edges representing rolled parchment or paper.
  • bartizan : A bartizan (or guerite) is an overhanging, wall-mounted turret projecting from the walls of medieval fortifications from the early 14th century up to the 16th century. Most frequently found at corners, they protected a warder and enabled him to see his surroundings. Bartizans generally are furnished with oylets or arrow slits.
  • epitaph : A phrase or form of words written in memory of a person who has died, especially as an inscription on a tombstone.
  • lantern : A roof lantern is a daylighting cupola architectural element.  Architectural lanterns are atop a
    larger roof and provide natural light into the space or room below. In contemporary use it is an architectural skylight structure.
  • mannerist : Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520. It lasted until about 1580 in Italy, when the Baroque style began to replace it, but Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century.
  • pilaster : The pilaster is an architectural element in classical architecture used to give the appearance of a supporting column with only an ornamental function.
    In contrast, an engaged column or buttress can support the structure of a wall and roof above.
  • Saint Benedict’s Rule :These are rules and codes of conduct which Benedict of Nursie wrote down around 529AD in order to guide his disciples in how to live in a monastic community. The ordinance carefully lists the ground rules for monastic life during work and rest, as well as the details for the liturgy. It was developped and perfected based on a certain wisdom and a perfect balance
    between austerity and temperance.
  • drum : The circular vertical wall supporting a dome.
  • transept : A transept (with two semitransepts) is a transverse section, of any building, which lies across the main body of the building. In Christian churches, a transept is an area set crosswise to the nave.
  • tympanum : In architecture, a tympanum (plural, tympana) is the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, bounded by a lintel and arch. It often contains sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.
  • rib vault : The intersection of two or three barrel vaults produces a rib vault or ribbed vault when they are edged with an armature of piped masonry often carved in decorative patterns.